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The finger prints on genocide in South Sudan
By Stephen Par Kuol
January 1, 2013 - Any body with keen interest in South Sudanese current affairs could not have missed the recent shuttle diplomacy waged by the regional leaders and diplomats to end the ongoing crisis in the country. That is very encouraging and should be supported by all people of good will. Unfortunately, what is now diminishing through the thin air of that diplomacy is the ugly fact that weltered with decomposing corpses and their fetid smell in the air, Juba, the capital of South Sudan is a crime scene against humanity and should be treated as such at the time of this writing. Worth noting also is the chilling truth that among those cheeky personalities roughing shoulders with regional leaders and diplomats to bring peace to South Sudan are red-handed suspects in the ongoing genocide. Meanwhile preventive diplomacy can surely minimize the magnitude of the crisis and save more lives; one delicate affair in the process is avoiding diplomatic niceties to overshadow the criminal responsibility of those whose finger prints are notoriously evident on those crimes against humanity. Thus, on behalf of the murdered victims, traumatized survivors and their families, I write to recommend that the peace process goes hand in hand with a multi-national investigation of these premeditated heinous crimes against humanity. .Any thing short of that is another betrayal to humanity and South Sudanese citizens of Nuer ethnic origin who have perished in the ongoing genocide.
Experiences elsewhere have taught that war fatigue and desperate yearning for peace can easily give way to impunity that would haunt the nation in question for an unforeseeable future. Speaking as a practiced diplomat, I mean the diplomatic tendency to avoid antagonizing the genocidists, who might walk out of “the peace process.” This often frightens diplomats who fear “upsetting the peace process”. For example, in Naivasha for South Sudan, or in Abuja for Darfur in 2005, the argument became: “don’t upset the fragile new order in Khartoum since signature on the agreements settling the civil war in the South serves the greater good. Let’s now concentrate on getting the Darfur ‘rebels’ to reach a similar agreement with Khartoum in Abuja, under the African Union.” Meanwhile the ethnic cleansing of Darfur and genocidal massacres and rapes continued daily. This argument, which diplomats often and naively espouse, ignores the fact that genocidists are serial killers whose blood thirst can never be quenched by a peace meal. Hence, policies toward them based on fear lead only to appeasement and further genocide. In the case of the ongoing genocide in South Sudan, the prime suspect, General Salva Kiir Mayardit has already offered unconditional cease fire and peace talk but the genocide continues. Like any genocidist, Kiir is a serial killer, a master of genocide and ethnic cleansing. As a career military intelligence officer, he is well trained in cold blood killing and he practiced that well during the liberation struggle where he executed murder of the bulk of our liberation politicians. He is doing that now with efficiency on our unarmed civilians in Juba. Presently, the only safe heaven for South Sudanese of Nuer ethnic origin without guns is the UNINISS concentration camp near Juba International Airport where his Propaganda Chief, Justice Michael Lueth have been calling them out to finish what they have started. Nobody talks about that now where as Kiir is preparing for more genocide. That is why I write to strongly recommend that both the international criminal investigation and the peace talk go on simultaneously.
Criminal Investigation as an inquisitive process starts with WH questions: What, Where, How and Who .Legally speaking, the process proceeds with one fundamental question: has a crime been committed in violation of an existing law? If yes, then what is the name or definition of the crime committed? In this case, a crime has been committed in violation of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan, Rome Statue and the Geneva Convention. Genocide in this case is defined as “the intentional destruction, in whole or in part, of a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group, as such. Was it systematically organized by General Kiir’s regime using his privately armed Dootku -Beny militia, tanks and other lethal weapons? Were the victims chosen because of their ethnic identity? If yes again, then only South Sudanese of Nuer ethnic origin in 107, Guddella, Gurei , Eden, Manga, Jabel villages were targeted and are now the dominant IDPS in UNIMISS compound and the Dinka homes nearby were left untouched?” Is this an intentional destruction, in part, of ethnic and racial group? If yes, then, this, in short, is genocide. As for who did what, the finger prints of the following top seven names have surfaced with probable cause beyond a reasonable doubt:
1. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan who declared the state of emergency leading to the mass killing.
2. General Malong Awan, the current Governor of Northern Bar-Elghazal State who personally recruited Dootku-Beny Malitia from NBGS and Warap and commanded Dootku-Beny during the genocidal operation.
3. General Marial Chinoum, the field General who executed General Salva Kiir’ orders to disarm Nuer soldiers within Tiger Batelion and ordered the use of tank to kill 22 unarmed bodyguards of Dr. Riek Machar and seven bodyguards of Hon. Gier Chuang Aluong.
4. General Salva Mathuok Gengdit, the former Deputy Minister of Interior and Salva’s father in law who was seen in Dootku-beny uniforms commanding part of the genocidal force during the operation in Juba.
5. General Garang Mabil, a notorious general on reserve from Warap State who was rein stated to active duty during the genocidal operation to execute the genocide.
6. General Bol Akot,a general in reserved reinstated after the clashes to execute the genocide in Thuk sita and Gudella.
7. General Alew Ayieny, the Current Minister of interior who was seen in military uniform commanding a police force in collaboration with Dootku-Beny
In conventional practice, those primitive tribal generals should be charged with the following crimes:
1. Genocide and crime against humanity
2. War crimes in violation of Geneva Convention
3. Vandalism and formation of a private tribal army for the sole purpose of committing genocide in violation of South Sudan Transitional Constitution
Those of us who speak the language of criminal law know damn well that genocide as an act of mass killing is a join enterprise with many accomplices including the demagogues and propaganda pundits. As for proving the Mense Reus, Kiir is physically in records graduating his Dootku- Beny brigade alone without involving the SPLA Chief of General Staff and the Ministry of Defense, declaring state of emergency and quoting 1991 Bor massacres proving both motive and the criminal mind behind the act of genocide. With this, I rest my case.
Honorable Stephen Par Kuol is a former Deputy Ambassador of the Sudan to the United Republic of Tanzania and the State Minister of Education in the recently overthrown Government of Jonglei State by Dr. Riek Machar’s forces. He is also a researcher and freelance writer on academic topics pertinent to Human Right and Post-conflict Criminal Justice Administration. He can be reached via email@example.com /firstname.lastname@example.org
Sudanese army recaptures rebel-held area in S. Kordofan
Wednesday 1 January 2014
January 1, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese army announced Tuesday the recapture of an area located in the eastern part of the Nuba Mountains but the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement –North (SPLM-N) said such operations aims to displace civilians from rebel areas.
- SPLM-N fighters hold up their rifles near Jebel Kwo village in the rebel-held territory of the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan, May 2, 2012. (photo Goran Tomasevic Reuters)
The military communiqué further said this operation marks the end of the first phase of the "Decisive Summer" operation in the eastern parts of the Nuba mountains, adding that the army would continue its attacks in all axes against the rebel groups.
Early in this month of December, Sudanese president Omer Al-Bashir and other officials vowed to clear the Nuba mountains from the SPLM-N rebels and their allies of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF).
In a speech delivered on Independence Day on Tuesday, Bashir hailed the recapture of Al-Ardiba from the SPLM-N fighters stressing that SAF operations are nor directed against the Nuba civilians in South Kordofan.
"They are the victims of war", he said.
He also called for a national mobilisation to support the efforts of South Kordofan government to provide the affected population with humanitarian assistance, and directed to establish a national fund for the state’s IDPs resettlement.
Thousands of South Kordofan civilians fed the conflict areas in the Nuba mountains and moved to other regions inside the country or to the neighbouring South Sudan, since the start of hostilities between the SPLA-N and Sudanese army in June 2011.
However, Khartoum refuses to allow aid groups to reach the affected civilians in the rebel held areas, urging the SPLM-N to negotiate a political agreement first .
Arnaud Lodi, SPLM-N spokesperson however minimised the attack saying that Al-Ardiba and surrounding areas had being recently bombarded on daily basis by the Sudanese army, pointing that Tuesday attack mainly aims to displace the civilians and burn cultivated fields before harvesting.
"The purpose of these attacks actually is to force civilians to move from their areas because they are seen as supportive to the SPLA fighters and feeding them", Lodi said when reached by Sudan Tribune on Wednesday.
The further said that some 20,000 civilians recently left their villages as result of continued air raids.
The rebel spokesperson also described the military communiqué as “pure propaganda”, saying the area is inhabited by civilians and the rebel fighters have no real presence there.
Many of Al-Ardiba population fled the area after the intense bombardment by the Sudanese army, "so it was practically void when they entered" , he added.
Lodi added they closely monitor the movements of SAF troops and its militias in the region.
“We noticed their deployment of (SAF soldiers) in Khairasana” which located 30 north of Heglig, he said. They moved their troops several times from Talodi to Kaoda (headquarters of the SPLA-N) but every time we hit them and they return back to their bases”, he added.
S. Sudan rebels refute UN claims of “mass killing” in Unity state
December 31, 2013 (BENTIU) - South Sudan’s army (SPLA) forces who rebelled against the government 10 days ago in Unity state have dismissed a United Nations report alleging that 75 Dinka soldiers were buried in a mass grave in the capital, Bentiu.
- Civilians seeking protection, arrive in the UN House compound on the southwestern outskirts of Juba (AFP PHOTO).
But Peter Riak Gew, a spokesperson for the rebels told Sudan Tribune on Tuesday that the report was "not true" adding that "there is no mass grave here."
"The fighting that broke out within the army on 21 December killed only 15 soldiers", he clarified.
Gew criticized the Geneva-based Human Rights UN body for failing to conduct a proper investigation before making the claim. He further said Pillay should have spoken to the UN mission in the country to find out the real situation.
The rebel spokesperson said reports of a mass grave was "propaganda", adding that the UN team that visited Bentiu after the clashes had the correct information.
The Commander of the South Sudan army in Unity state, James Kaong, said he rebelled after members from the tank division attempted to kill him on the evening of 20 December.
Kaong has since also stated that reports of Nuer civilians being killed in Juba following an alleged coup attempt on 15 December was also part of his decision.
South Sudan’s former Vice President Riek Machar, who is a Nuer, has denied allegation by President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, that the fighting in Juba was an attempted military coup.
The UN’s humanitarian coordinator in South Sudan, Toby Lanzer, has estimated that over 1,000 people may have died in the violence that has now displace 180,000.
The SPLA have said that the fighting in the militarily barracks in Rubkotna, just outside the Unity state capital Bentiu, was between those loyal to President Kiir and those loyal to Machar.
After mass grave report by various media outlets, the UN mission in South Sudan said it received reports about the discovery of mass grave in the Unity state capital containing the bodies of 75 soldiers of Dinka ethnic origin.
“Latest reports suggest that this is an inflation of a skirmish resulting in about 15 fatalities, with details to be confirmed. UNMISS is therefore not in position to verify the existence of such a mass grave in Unity state thus far”, said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune.
The UN said it was deeply concerned over reports of extra-judicial killing in Juba and others locations in South Sudan and is investigating reports of such atrocities.
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