----- Forwarded Message -----
From: Judy Miriga
Sent: Thursday, January 2, 2014 3:48 AM
Subject: South Sudan leader calls state of emergency
Confederation Council Foundation for Africa Inc.,
From: paul mbanga
Sent: Thursday, January 2, 2014 4:48 AM
Subject: Re: [PK] Re: South Sudan leader calls state of emergency
The big debate is back with a bang!
That is why it was pretentious of AU and some miss- guided African head of states to threaten with their half heartted intentions to pull out of ICC. They should have known better the consequences of such an action. The Riek Machars of Africa are still many in the continent. On the flip side unfortunately, undemocratic forces still dominate African leadership under the guise of guided democracy. Such despotic forces continue to coalesce together against any voice of reason perceived to be a threat to their own insecurity. These have only achieved rebellions in the form that we are witnessing today. This should be sobering enough for the anti-ICC crusaders, Kiir must evalaute his position on ICC. His help hangs on the very institution he loathes.
A key question is who is mentoring the younger democracies and younger leaders that are just emerging? I am afraid there is none. Africa still has no known, even a trace of democracy, those that have been in power longer have no good manners to extend to the toddler countries and the so called digital leaders as they often acted with opportunistic tendencies rather than good intentions. South Sudan must soberly evalauate the kind of support it might need now and in the long term. Interests are outplaying one another as some known undemocratic countries -leaders rush with troops to lend hand! Where is the so called soverignity of states? Who is gaining in this war?
Africa has a long way to go.
From: Maurice J. Oduor
Sent: Wednesday, January 1, 2014 8:35 PM
Subject: [PK] Re: South Sudan leader calls state of emergency
On 2014-01-01, at 8:45 PM, Judy Miriga <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
Confederation Council Foundation for Africa Inc.,
South Sudan leader calls state of emergency
Peace talks planned in EthiopiaPublished On: Jan 01 2014 06:44:20 AM CST Updated On: Jan 01 2014 03:12:43 PM CST
South Sudan's president declared a state of emergency Wednesday ahead of peace talks to stop the latest violence in the country.President Salva Kiir issued the declaration for the states of Unity and Jonglei, which include the rebel-held towns of Bor and Benitu, the scene of recent fighting and scores of civilian deaths.State radio also reported that Kiir ordered the formation of a negotiating team to take part in the peace talks in Ethiopia. The government delegation includes key opposition figures, as required in the presidential decree, state radio reported.Representatives from the warring parties in South Sudan will arrive in Ethiopia on Wednesday for talks aimed at ending the violence wracking the nation, the United Nations' special representative to South Sudan said.Hilde Johnson, who heads the U.N. mission to South Sudan, said she wanted to see both parties "take a decisive step to cease all hostilities" starting Wednesday."We want to make this day the day that the violence stops," she told a news conference in the South Sudanese capital, Juba.Kiir and the rebels' leader, former Vice President Riek Machar, agreed Tuesday to send delegations to the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, home of the African Union, for peace talks after two weeks of violence.A cessation of hostilities between their forces is expected to top the agenda.Johnson said it was too early to say if the move was a breakthrough, "but it is a step in the right direction."The African Union has set up a group to investigate human rights abuses, Johnson said, which met for the first time Tuesday.She stressed the need for people to be held accountable for their actions, and for a community-based reconciliation process to run alongside the peace talks."There has been killing and brutality, we have seen killing on ethnic grounds. We need to do everything to prevent the cycle of violence," Johnson said. "I condemn elements on both sides."The Intergovernmental Authority on Development, an East African trade bloc that has been helping to mediate between the battling parties, has said an independent body is needed to monitor any cease-fire, Johnson said.Leaders of the bloc warned Friday that they would "take action" to stop the conflict if South Sudan's warring factions didn't lay down their arms.The spiraling violence has sparked a humanitarian crisis in the world's newest nation. About 180,000 people have been displaced nationwide by more than two weeks of conflict, Johnson said.Peacekeepers are working to protect the camps where tens of thousands of civilians have fled, but more resources are needed, she said. She appealed for $166 million in aid to help provide families with food and other emergency relief.Anti-government forces were not targeting U.N. bases in the country, Johnson added.Ethnic targetingThe fighting began on December 15 after Kiir, from South Sudan's Dinka ethnic group, accused troops loyal to Machar, from the Nuer community, of trying to launch a coup. The two men have long been political rivals, and Kiir dismissed Machar, along with the Cabinet, in July.Kiir told CNN on Monday that African nations should have acted quickly to help quell the rebel forces.As soon as an attempted coup took place and violence broke out, "the original leaders and all African leaders should have come in with military support," so that the rebels would have been "crushed once and for all," he said.The two sides clashed Tuesday in the key town of Bor, capital of oil-rich Jonglei state, which had already changed hands last week.However, the situation was quiet there Wednesday, Johnson said. Fighting has also halted in Malakal, the capital of Upper Nile state, which may be a positive sign, she said.United Nations forces are patrolling the streets of Juba in order to protect civilians, she said. More than 160 police officers arrived in the past three days, with an additional 240 expected Wednesday and more in the next two weeks.The U.N. Mission to South Sudan on Tuesday voiced "grave concern over mounting evidence of gross human rights abuses in the strife-torn country, including extra-judicial killings of civilians and captured soldiers, massive displacements and arbitrary detentions, often on ethnic grounds."Its statement cited the discovery of large numbers of bodies in Juba, as well as in Malakal and Bor."Available evidence indicates that atrocities are continuing to occur in various parts of South Sudan," it said. "Many of these violations appear to be ethnically targeted. Most of the more brutal atrocities are reported to have been carried out by people wearing uniform."South Sudan formally split from Sudan in 2011 after a referendum, following decades of conflict. Numerous armed groups remain active in the oil-rich country.=============South Sudan Loses Town to Rebels As It Plans for Peace TalksFighting continued between rebels allied to South Sudanese former Vice President Riek Machar and government forces after the country’s army lost control of the key town of Bor, the capital of Jonglei state, Xinhua reported.The militia who seized the eastern town include the White Army, made up of fighters belonging to the same Nuer ethnic group as Machar, Xinhua said, citing Philip Aguer, the SouthSudan army spokesman. Aguer didn’t answer calls to his mobile phone when contacted by Bloomberg News for comment. Other rebel forces comprised defected soldiers and rebels following former South Sudanese army commander Peter Gadet, Aguer said.The clashes are taking place as President Salva Kiir’s government and the rebels were set to start peace talks in the capital of neighboring Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, with the East African Inter-Governmental Authority on Development mediating.The fighting began on Dec. 15 when Kiir accused Machar of trying to stage a coup and spiraled, mostly along ethnic lies, pitting Kiir’s ethnic Dinka community against the Nuer group. IGAD gave the parties until yesterday to enter negotiations while the African Union has threatened sanctions against South Sudan combatants who incite violence and undermine dialogue.South Sudan appointed a 13-member panel led by former Foreign Minister Nhial Deng Nhial that plans to leave for negotiations tomorrow, Foreign Affairs spokesman Mawien Makol Arik said today by phone. The panel also includes Information Minister Michael Makuei and Health Minister Riek Gai Kok, Arik said.
Death, DisplacementThe United Nations says “thousands” of people have died in the clashes and about 180,000 people have been displaced, with 75,000 seeking protection at UN camps in the country. More than 70,000 people in Jonglei state alone escaped the fighting in Bor and sought shelter in Awerial, in the neighboring Lakes state, with thousands of more people arriving every day, according to Doctors Without Borders.The United Nations Mission in South Sudan has expressed concern about human rights abuses.“UNMISS is gravely concerned about mounting evidence of gross violations of international human rights law that have occurred in South Sudan during the past 15 days,” it said in a statement on its website dated yesterday. “Extra-judicial killings of civilians and captured soldiers have occurred in various parts of the country, as evidenced by the discovery of large numbers of bodies in Juba, as well as the Upper Nile and Jonglei state capitals of Malakal and Bor, respectively.”
Bor SeizedThe South Sudan army had recaptured Bor last week after rebels briefly seized the town. Four U.S. service members suffered gunshot wounds on Dec. 21 trying to evacuate personnel in Bor, two days after two Indian peacekeepers were killed in an attack at a UN compound in Jonglei state.Bor was the scene of one of the worst massacres in the Sudan civil war when southern forces split along ethnic lines in 1991, with Machar leading Nuer soldiers against Dinka troops.Amnesty International estimates 2,000 civilians were killed in the so-called “Bor Massacre.”The violence since mid-December has cut crude production to 200,000 barrels a day from 245,000 barrels because of fighting in Unity state, an area that is now under “full control of the rebels,” Kenya’s Foreign Affairs Ministry said yesterday on its Facebook account.The country’s main crude-producing area in Upper Nile state is safe from the rebellion, Major General Gregory Vasili, an oil defense-force commander, said in an interview on Dec. 30.Kiir, who fired Machar as his deputy in July, says he’sruled out a power-sharing deal because Machar shouldn’t be rewarded for the rebellion, the British Broadcasting Corp. reported yesterday, citing an interview with the leader.South Sudan seceded from neighboring Sudan in July 2011 and took three-quarters of the formerly united country’s oil output. The oil provides more than 95 percent of government revenue. The landlocked country exports all its crude through pipelines across Sudan.To contact the reporter on this story: Mading Ngor in Juba at email@example.comTo contact the editor responsible for this story: Nasreen Seria at firstname.lastname@example.org====================Leaked Documents Show Ministers Kosti Manibe Ngai and Deng Alor KuolWere Wrongly Accused of Corruption
Juba, July 14, 2013 (SSNA) -- The president of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardiit, last month suspended two government ministers, Kosti Manibe Ngai and Deng Alor Kuol. The two ministers were accused of “requesting and wiring funds without the knowledge of the presidency and other relevant institutions” (ST). The president also lifted their immunities so that the two former ministers can be investigated and prosecuted if the allegations brought against them are credible.But the documents leaked to the South Sudan News Agency revealed that other government officials are the actual players in the scheme.Bellows are the financial transactions, correspondences, images, and the order of the council of ministers:===============================Uganda Lawmakers Demand Answers about Troops in South Sudan
Members of Uganda’s parliament are demanding answers from President Yoweri Museveni after deploying troops from the national army to South Sudan without seeking parliamentary authorization as enshrined in the constitution, according to parliamentarian Medard Sseggona.
On his recent visit to South Sudan as part of an effort to help resolve the security crisis there, Museveni said East African nations have warned South Sudan’s former Vice President Riek Machar to comply with a cease-fire or face action by regional nations.
But Sseggona says it was inappropriate for Museveni to interfere in South Sudan’s internal affairs, which he says could create tension and worsen the security situation there due to that country’s ethnic complexities.
“The president threatened Riek Machar with pulling him out of the bush, which is not our political, economic or social interest to interfere with the internal affairs of the government of South Sudan,” said Sseggona.
He says Museveni contravened the constitution by deploying troops from the Uganda People’s Defense Force (UPDF) to South Sudan without parliamentary approval.
“We are asking for an explanation as to how the government deployed our forces in South Sudan without consulting and obtaining a parliamentary resolution as required by article 210 of our constitution,” said Sseggona. “We demand to know how many of our children have died in South Sudan [and] two how many of our soldiers have been deployed in South Sudan and for how long? Because it would appear we might be there forever.”
But supporters of the government rejected the lawmakers’ demands as a publicity stunt. They contend that President Museveni has the constitutional mandate to protect citizens irrespective of where they are, and has deployed the troops to evacuate Ugandans trapped in South Sudan due to the conflict there.
“We want the president to tell us how many people he has rescued from South Sudan,” said Sseggona. “We’ve actually demanded that parliament be recalled to discuss this [South Sudan] crisis, because we are risking Ugandans by threatening to intervene or to interfere in an internal conflict.”
Uganda foreign ministry spokesman Fred Opolot told VOA that the UPDF troops are in South Sudan to protect and evacuate citizens.
“Our major concern is to ensure that [our citizens] are safe, and if not they are evacuated so that process is ongoing,” said Opolot. “Uganda People’s Defense Forces [are] in Juba to secure the airport, in order to ensure that the evacuation process goes very smoothly.”
Opolot denied reports that the government in Kampala sent UPDF troops to support South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir in the ongoing conflict in Africa’s newest nation.
But Sseggona says the legislators demands are legitimate and in accordance with the constitution.
“We must know in specific terms what are our interests; the political, economic and social interests,” said Sseggona. “Apart from good neighborliness, apart from rescuing our sons and daughters who may be faced with death in South Sudan, we must know the broader and long term objective in South Sudan.”
Clottey interview with Medard Lubega Sseggona, Ugandan legislator