It implies that he was happy when the Tutsi M23 occupied Goma, a Congo-land for 10 days in November before withdrawing from the city under international pressure. Because of this, it is
possible he is a benefactor shareholder of M23 looting of Congo mineral resources.......which he
must defend himself from the allegations........Congo people are human beings who have a right
to stand their ground and protect their territory from any type of attack, invasion or abuse.
The truth is, Kagame like Museveni is an expansionist, trying to steal Congoland through M23 just like Museveni stole Migingo and has now hoist his Uganda flag with his Uganda police on the Island who have killed many Kenyan fishermen and stole Kenyan fishermen facilities with fishing equipments. This is unacceptable behavior of a serious crime that invaded Territorial privacy that tresspassed the International Sovereignty Treaty. There are valid evidence to prove that Kagame and Museveni conspired to commit crime, violation and abuse of Human Rights by invading Congo through M23 and they must be charged for the same without wasting any more time.
Rwanda 'training rebels to fight Congo army'
Published on May 31, 2012
The revelations come after weeks of fighting in the east of the country and would be the first direct evidence that Rwandan troops are involved in the fighting that has displaced thousands from their homes.
The allegations made by the rebel defectors across the border in Congo will strain relations with Rwanda, but so far officials from both sides have held back, and are talking about a joint investigation to get to the bottom of the matter.
Al Jazeera's Malcolm Webb reports from Kigali.
By Ronald Ssekandi and Yuan Qing
KAMPALA, - Africa's Great Lakes region leaders on Wednesday concluded a two-day summit here reinforcing the military option to end fighting in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
The leaders that included Uganda's Yoweri Museveni, Rwanda's Paul Kagame, Tanzania's Jakaya Kikwete, Burundi's Pierre Nkurunziza and DRC's Joseph Kabila were attend the summit convened by the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), a regional body bringing together 11 member states.
Other ICGLR member states including Angola, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Kenya, Sudan and Zambia sent government representatives. Uganda's acting foreign affairs minister Henry Okello Oryem told Xinhua in an interview that while the leaders are taking a ' carrot and stick' model, that is military and peaceful measure, the military option is most preferable.
In a communiqu� issued at the end of the meeting aimed at stopping the fighting in eastern DRC, the leaders set up a sub committee comprising of ministers of defense to come up with a detailed plan on the operationalization of the agreed upon neutral force. "Mandated the subcommittee to propose urgent actionable steps to ensure that fighting stops completely to allow for consolidation of peace, security and stability," the communiqu� said.
The leaders while meeting in Ethiopia last month agreed that a neutral regional or international force be established to police the common border between eastern DRC and Rwanda and also eliminate negative forces including the M23 rebels and the Interahamwe militia.
The leaders said that within the next four weeks they would meet in Uganda again to finalize the military plan that will be used to mount an onslaught against the rebels.
Oryem told reporters at the end of the summit that all individuals fueling the fighting in DRC would be sanctioned.
"We could ask not only the sanctions to be local but also ask the international community to help us and force those sanctions against these particular people and that could include anything from travel ban to freezing their assets and penalty to those who continue supporting them (rebels)," he said.
Analysts argue that while the Great Lakes region countries have opted for the military option, most of their troops are stretched. Uganda provides the bulk of the African Union peacekeeping force in Somalia and is also fighting the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels in DRC. Central African Republic and the DRC are also involved in fighting the LRA which is causing mayhem along the common border of the two countries.
Kenya is also involved in the African Union military operations in Somalia against the Al Shabaab, a militant group with links to Al Qaeda, a terror group said to have intentions of making eastern Africa its save haven.
Kalonzo Musyoka, Kenya's vice president told reporters at the end of the summit that Kenya would consider providing troops to fight negative forces in DRC provided the ICGLR member states are asked to contribute soldiers. James Mugume, permanent secretary of Uganda's ministry of foreign affairs told Xinhua that despite the stretch, region has to solve its own problems and not to wait upon foreigners. He said that although there is a fully funded UN peacekeeping mission in eastern DRC, the force has not done much to pacify the region.
He described the presidents' meeting as a clear manifestation of how Africa is determined to solve its own problems. Guns aside, Oryem said that the region is trying to get a special envoy who will study the cause of the conflict in eastern DRC and come up with possible solutions. From the humanitarian point of view, aid agencies are warning that fighting in eastern DRC between the Congolese army and the M23 rebels was worsening the humanitarian situation.
Fighting in early July forced over 16,500 Congolese to flee to neighboring southwestern Uganda where their influx is dwarfing the provision of aid, according to the UN.
Already over 35,000 Congolese refugees, according to statistics, by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees had crossed to Uganda in recent months.
At the summit here the leaders set up a trust fund to support victims of the humanitarian crisis. Uganda contributed one million U.S. dollars to the fund to help tens of thousands of Congolese fleeing the vast central African country.
The leaders also urged the international community to contribute towards the fund to help address the plight the refugees. (Xinhua)
The UN tends to be less successful with a purely military strategy that is not within the framework of a political strategy”End Quote Congo analyst Jason Stearns
Thousands of people fled the area of clashes around the town of Sake, as M23 rebel fighters rushed from Goma to reinforce their positions against an army counter-offensive.
Both sides claimed control of Sake as night fell on the troubled eastern area. There was no independent verification of who was holding the town.
The M23 rebel movement, widely believed to be backed by Rwanda, has vowed to "liberate" all of the vast, resource-rich country after taking Goma, a provincial capital on the Rwandan border, ramping up tensions in a fragile region. Full story…
- Congo suspends army chief after U.N. arms sale report
- Congo M23 rebel leader in Uganda for talks: source
- Congo demands sanctions on Rwanda, Uganda over rebels
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A spokesman for the M23 rebels -- a group widely believed to be backed by Rwanda -- said they planned to "liberate" the country by marching on the capital, Kinshasa, nearly 1,000 miles away.
"The journey to liberate Congo has started now ... We're going to move on to Bukavu and then to Kinshasa. Are you ready to join us?" Vianney Kazarama, spokesman for the M23 rebels, told a crowd of more than 1,000 in a stadium in Goma.
PhotoBlog: Congo police surrender as rebels take control of Goma
Goma fell Tuesday when hundreds of rebel fighters poured into the city and government troops melted away after sporadic gunfire.
Rebels used local radio and television stations to appeal for calm, but there are fears of human rights abuses and tens of thousands of people had already fled days of fighting between the rebels and U.N.-backed Congolese soldiers.
Hague war crimes court to finds Congo warlord guilty
But a senior U.N. official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the withdrawal of civilian and military Congolese officials had left a void it could not fill alone.
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Who are the rebels in Goma and what do they want?
M23 rebels have taken over a key city in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
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The rebel force made up of deserters from the Congolese Army formed in the jungle hinterland of eastern Congo earlier this year, calling itself the March 23 Movement, after the date of a failed peace deal signed in 2009. It is now also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army. It is made up almost entirely of soldiers from the Tutsi tribe, who were folded into Congo’s national Army following an earlier rebellion in 2008, which led to the 2009 agreement. But Tutsi commanders claimed the Congolese government was failing to promote their troops, or to honor peace deal promises of better pay, and they mutinied in April, with between 1,500 and 2,500 troops. Since then, they have been at war with the Army.
On the face of it, they have been fighting to win control of territory that they can later agree to give up in return for guarantees that the conditions of the March 2009 peace treaty are honored. Now that they control Goma, the largest city in eastern Congo and a base for many international aid agencies and the United Nations, they have a very strong hand in future negotiations. Beyond this strategy, however, the area the rebels are fighting over has vast troves of valuable mineral resources, and controlling the mines is extremely lucrative.
What is Rwanda’s involvement in this?
In 2008, the precursor to the M23 was the CNDP, led by a Tutsi general called Laurent Nkunda, who was said to be close to Rwanda’s government and its president, Paul Kagame. Mr. Nkunda was arrested and is under house arrest in Rwanda. But many of the CNDP’s commanders and troops now man the M23. This new group initially appeared to be less connected to Rwanda, which has a long history of military and political interference in its giant neighbor. However, a report to the UN Security Council in October claimed that Rwanda and Uganda were arming and financing the rebels, and in Rwanda’s case, supplying troops. Rwanda has strongly denied this.
Why would Rwanda want to get involved?
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Goma has fallen to the M23. What now?
In the short term, the main concern is twofold. First, that the M23 rebels will go on a rampage of looting, rape, and violence. However, it appears that troops are well-disciplined, and in the past civilians have had more to fear from the temperamental Congolese armed forces, FARDC. The other concern is that the FARDC will be ordered back to Goma to fight to regain control, which would lead to high numbers of civilian casualties. Alongside these pressing worries, there are already more than 350,000 people camped in and around Goma who fled further fighting. If Goma remains unstable, aid workers cannot feed, shelter, and medically help those internally displaced people. Longer term, assuming M23 remains well-behaved, aid staff will continue their work until expected peace negotiations between the rebels and Kinshasa conclude.
What can the international community do to help?
The United Nations mission in Congo, called Monusco, is huge – 19,000 uniformed and 4,000 civilian staff. Its mandate is to protect civilians, which is why it had no legal requirement to halt the rebels’ advance on Goma if civilians were not caught in the crossfire in large numbers, which so far they have not been. It remains to be seen how Monusco will react to operating under M23 rule. Globally, Britain, the EU, and the US appear to have decided that blanket condemnations of the violence suffices. Perhaps the greatest lever the West has is to threaten further disruption of aid to Rwanda unless it uses its influence on the M23 – which Kigali denies it has – to force them to a quick settlement.
It appears that this is a never-ending cycle of violence. How can it end?
With great difficulty. Lasting peace requires that Rwanda halt its interference, with the Hutu rebels it seeks to be sent back to Rwanda to face justice. Equitable sharing of resources from the mines to benefit local people is necessary, as is greater trust from people living in Congo’s east that Kinshasa listens to its concerns. The Congolese Army requires a complete disciplinary, and some would say cultural, overhaul. At least a half dozen previous attempts to tick all of these boxes have failed.